Whatever treatment a timber floor has received it will inevitably require some degree
of maintenance. The form that this will take will be affected by many factors such
as type of finish, level of trafficking, climatic conditions and positioning of doorways
entrances. It is important to note the considerable differences between maintaining
a floor treated with oil and one treated with a polyurethane lacquer.
Abrasive particles of dirt and grit trafficked on to a finished timber floor can
be very damaging and seriously shorten the lifespan of any treatment. The floor’s
surface will quickly become dull due to scratches and the timber may be affected
by the ingress of moisture and stains. Matting placed at external entrances can be
highly effective at prolonging the appearance and life of the floor whilst reducing
the frequency of refurbishment. It is important that matting is of a type which allows
abrasive particles to drop
through it rather than remain on the surface where it can then be tracked on to the
sealed floor. Matting should be large enough, ideally, to allow two steps across
it, but, as a general recommendation, the mat should be as arge as is practical.
Periodically matting should be thoroughly cleaned. A dirty mat is ineffective and
can act as a ‘reservoir’ of abrasive particles. Pets can also traffic potentially
abrasive dirt and grit into a floor. Pet claws should be trimmed regularly to reduce
any scratches and indentations to the wood.
An effective maintenance programme will keep the floor clean and looking as good
as possible. The following information is designed to provide a starting point for
such a programme and is appropriate for both commercial and domestic floors. However,
all floors are unique and will require individual assessment because the factors
affecting them will vary. Changes in traffic levels and seasonal changes will also
need to be taken into consideration, for example, additional matting may be required
during periods of snow or heavy rain. The frequency of any maintenance should reflect
the use of the floor, and should be altered accordingly.An effective maintenance
regime should consist of:
1. Dry Cleaning: Floors should be cleaned daily using dry cleaning methods, such
as vacuum, scissor mop or soft broom. It is important to remove any abrasive particles
of grit and dirt which may scratch the floor seal when trafficked under footwear,
legs, and other items moved across the floor.
2. Damp Cleaning: Soluble dirt should be removed by cleaning using a spray-buff system
or scrubber drier (large floors), or by mop and bucket (small, domestic floors).
Diluted Bona Cleaner, or Bona Care Cleaner should be used as a cleaning agent.
When using a buffing system the machine should be fitted with a tan pad. A red pad
can be used on floors which are very dirty. Coarser pads should be avoided as they
may damage the floor seal. All cleaning materials should be replaced periodically
to ensure effective maintenance.
3. Additional Cleaning: Timber Floors in commercial areas which may often become
contaminated with grease from food, sweat, or residue from other sources, may require
additional cleaning to remove these materials. Cleaning using Bona Remover
will remove these non-soluble materials and restore the slip resistance of the floor
4. Further Protection: Traditionally floors would be treated with wax-based polish
to offer additional protection to the floor seal. However once this has occurred
the floor can not receive further coats of lacquer without sanding the floor back
to bare wood.
An alternative is Bona Freshen Up. This polyurethane maintainer should be applied,
by mop or cloth, when the floor seal appears dull due to minor scratches. This should
be used following regular cleaning. On a new or recently re-finished floor Bona
Freshen Up would be applied when the first signs of wear become visible (i.e a dulling
of the surface).
A floor coated with any Bona floor finish is usually touch dry within approximately
3 hours. However it continues to cure for approximately one week. The floor may receive
light foot traffic 8 hours after the final coat of finish but full heavy use should
be avoided for 72 hours. Furniture may be returned to the room after 24 hours but
should be fitted with protective pads. The floor should not be covered with any protective
sheeting/polythene or rugs/carpets for the first week after finishing.
Similarly the use of maintenance products should be avoided for this period.
Periodically it will be necessary to re-finish previously lacquered floors. If the
floor has been maintained using wax-based polish or similar, the floor will have
to be sanded back to bare timber prior to lacquer application. If just Bona Freshen
Up has been
used or Bona Cleaner it is possible to apply further coats of finish without heavy
sanding. The floor must be cleaned using the Bona Prep System and lightly abraded
using the Bona Scrad System prior to applying further coats of finish.
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